初三英语全一册第一单元作文(共9篇)

篇一:2014年九年级英语上册一单元写作训练

2014年九年级英语上册一单元写作训练

为了交流学习经验,提高学习效率,某初中英语学习报住在举办以“How to be a good learner”为题的征文比赛,请踊跃投稿。 Get ready,listen

要求:1.必需用上所有的提示内容,语句通顺,书写规范;

2.

不少于80字。

写作指导

本文是一篇图表作文,在写作前要仔细研读所给图表中的提示内容。写作时,要紧扣所给的提示内容,写出个好学习者的基本要求。同时要结合文章内容,提出自己的1-2条建议。时态以一般现在时态为主。

写作范文:

How to be a good learner

To be a good learner, we should have good habits and ways in learning .We need to get ready for our lessons before class and always listen carefully in class. After class, we must go over the lessons and finish our homework on time .It’s good to study in groups and help each other .As a student ,working hard is important ,but don’t forget to do sports and keep healthy. We should do more reading in our free time .If we have any problems .we’d better ask other people for help .I hope all these will be helpful .

篇二:2015年人教版九年级上学期英语作文

九年级上学期英语作文

1、假如你叫李华,请你就“英语老师用英语还是用英汉双语教学”这一问题,根据下面的提示和要求,给你的老师Miss Li写一封信,谈一谈你的看法。提示:(1)What’s your idea?

(2)Why do you think so?(3)What is your advice?

Dear Miss Li,

I think you'd better use English in class. When you speak English, we'll have a good chance to improve our listening skills. It is also helpful for our reading, speaking and writing. We can copy what you say all the time. The more chances we have, the more progress we will make! So I hope you can teach in English. But please use simple English as much as possible and speak clearly and slowly. This way, we can learn English better and better.

I Hope you can think about it.

Best wishes!

Yours, Li Hua Dear Miss Li,

I think you'd better use both English and Chinese. The best way to learn English is to use it. When you teach in English, it's good for our listening. At the same time it is helpful to improve our speaking, reading and writing .However, if you only use English, we can't follow you sometimes, especially when you explain grammar rules and language points. So my advice is “Use English when possible and use Chinese when necessary”. This way, we can learn English better.

Hopefully you can think about it.

Best wishes!

Yours, Li Hua

2、假如你叫李华,5月11日母亲节那天,你为母亲做了很多有意义的事情。请你根据表格中

必须包括所有内容要点,但不要逐句翻译,可以增减适当情节,使其通顺、连贯。

参考词汇:pocket money 零花钱,vase 花瓶,overwork 过度劳累,be moved to tears 感动得流泪

11th May,Sunday Rainy

Today is Mother's Day. I love mother so much that I've done many things for 1

her.

In the morning I bought some flowers with my pocket money and put them in the vase. In the afternoon,I went to the market and bought vegetables and cooked a simple but delicious dinner for my family. After supper, I gave my mother the card that I made myself and said “Happy Mother's Day” to her. Then I told her to pay more attention to her health and not to overwork. I also promised to help her do some housework from today on.

Hearing the words, mother was moved to tears.

Today is a special day, warm and meaningful.

3、假如你叫王洪,你的一位美国笔友Tony今年暑假要来西安参观,并想与你共处几天。你写信告诉他:

1、你住在西安市西陵大街68号。

2、从火车站下车乘10路公共汽车或从飞机场乘15路公共汽车到历史博物馆下车。

3、也可以干脆坐的士到你家门口。

4、如果乘公共汽车的话,到时你会在历史博物馆接他。

Xi’an,China

thMay 6,2014

Dear Tony,

I’m very glad to hear that you’ll stay at my house when you come to Xi’an this summer holiday. Now I’d like to tell you how to get to my house.

I live at No. 68 Xiling Avenue, Xi’an. When you arrive in Xi’an by train, you can take a No. 10 bus and get off at the History Museum. Anyway, you can also take a No. 15 bus to the same museum if you get off a plane or take a taxi to reach my home directly. Call me as soon as you get to our city so that I’ll meet you at the museum if you take a bus.

Hope you’ll have a pleasant journey.

Yours,

Wang Hong

4、以“Great Changes in My Hometown”为题用英语写一篇短文描述家乡小镇所发生的变化。

Great Changes in My Hometown

In the past, my hometown was very small. People used to live a poor life. The houses were old and small. Pollution was very serious, and there was rubbish everywhere. The traffic was not convenient, so few visitors come here.

Now great changes have taken place in my hometown. The environment has become more beautiful. The mountains have turned greener, the rivers clearer and the sky bluer. There are trees, flowers and grass everywhere. People live a better life. Their houses are large and bright. Many people have their own cars.

I’m sure my hometown will become better and better in the future.

5、请你根据以下要点提示写一篇题为Chinese Tea的短文,向外国朋友介绍中国的茶文化。

2

Chinese Tea

It is 4000 years since the Chinese began to grow and drink tea.

There’re many kinds of tea in China, of which Longjing Tea is famous all over the world.

Tea is usually drunk in tea sets. A tea set is made up of a tea pot and some teacups, which are both made of china.

Most Chinese like drinking tea. Tea is served not only at tea house and restaurants but also at home. People also drink tea during breaks at offices or factories.It has been discovered that drinking tea is good for people’s health. A cup of tea can make you relaxed and refreshed. And it’s said that green tea can prevent cancers.

That’s why tea is becoming more and more popular with people.

6、发明创造改变了世界,长大后你想当一名发明家吗?作为一名中学生你应该怎样做?请根据以下提示,以“How to Become an Inventor”为题,写一篇80词左右的短文。

提示:1.努力学习是基础;2.兴趣是最好的老师;

3.需要创新(creativity)精神;4.持之以恒、永不放弃。

How to Become an Inventor

Becoming an inventor is many people’s dream. Would you like to be an inventor? As a student, we need to do these things.

We must study hard. Knowledge is the basis(基础). If you don’t master some knowledge, it’s impossible for you to invent anything. Interest is the best teacher. When we are interested in something, we will do it well, so we should have interest. Creativity is very important, too. We need to come up with new ideas.

Finally, we should keep on studying hard and never give up. Don’t be afraid to fail.

7、现在越来越多的家庭拥有私家车,拿到驾驶证的人也日渐增多,甚至有些学生也拿到了驾驶证。你不反对开车,但你觉得中学生不应该开车,因为这个年龄段的孩子们不够认真。中学生应该把更多的时间花费在学习上,去实现他们的梦想。等长大了,他们会有很多的机会去开车。

请以Teenagers Shouldn’t Be Allowed to Drive为题,写一篇80词左右的短文。

Teenagers Shouldn’t Be Allowed to Drive

Now more and more families have their own cars. And the number of people who get their driver's licenses is also increasing. Even some students have got their driving licenses, too. I have nothing against driving, but I don’t think teenagers should be allowed to drive, because they aren’t serious enough at that age. They should spend more time on their studies and achieve their dreams. After they grow up, they will have a lot of chances to drive. So teenagers shouldn't be allowed to drive.

8、假设你家的宠物狗旺旺走失几天了,至今还未找到。你寻思着他可能正在寻找回家的路;可能被好心人送到警察局;也可能挣饿着肚子在街上游荡;还可能正在和其他的狗玩耍。你们一家人都很着急,希望能早日找到它。请你根据上述提示写一篇短文。

3

My pet dog, Wangwang, has been missing for several days. Where can it go? It might be trying to find out the way home now. Or it might be sent to the police station by a kind person. Or maybe it is walking along the street with an empty stomach. And also it is possible that it is playing somewhere with other dogs.

We are all worried about it very much. We hope it can come back home early.

9、音乐是另一种语言,在不同的场合会带给我们不同的感受。有的同学认为在写作业时听音乐可以让我们愉悦心情、放松身体、清醒头脑;也有一些同学认为这样做会影响思路;感到困倦;浪费时间??请你围绕“中学生该不该写作业时听音乐”这一话题,展开思路谈谈你的感想。

Can we listen to music when doing homework?

Life is boring without music. It’s good for us to listen to music properly. Well, is it good or bad for us to listen to music when doing homework? Here are some students’ answers.

Some students think listening to music can make them excited, relaxed and clear-minded, so they like to music as they do homework. But some students don’t think so. They think music affects their thinking. As a result, it just makes them feel more tired. It’s really a waste of time.

As for me, I like doing homework with music. Sometimes it can bring us some inspiration(灵感).

10、刚到中国学习不久的John应中国朋友邀请到家里做客,因此,他向你请教相关礼仪。假设你是李明,请你用英语给John写一封80词左右的电子邮件,告诉他一些注意事项。 Dear John,

I understand that you will visit your Chinese friend’s home. If you do the following, I don’t think you will feel uncomfortable. First, you should arrive a little earlier. Being late is impolite. It is also good to bring a small gift, such as some flowers or fruit. You will probably use chopsticks to eat dinner. Remember not to stick your chopsticks into your food. You’d better say that the food is delicious while you are eating, and after dinner, saying thanks is also necessary. You are not supposed to stay long after dinner.

Good luck!

Yours, Li Ming 4

篇三:英语九年级上人教版作文及范文

1.

你(Mary)的美国笔友john为了学习汉语要来北京,请你给他写一封信,告诉他如何学习汉语。

要求:1.语句通顺,书写工整。

2. 可用所给提示词语,也可适当发挥。

3. 词数:80。

(提示词语:go to the Chinese classes, ask friends, listen to radio, dictionary, read Chinese stories, talk with, ask a Chinese teacher for help …)

范文:

Dear John:

I’m glad to hear from you. And I’m happy to hear that you’ll come to Beijing to learn Chinese.

Chinese is difficult, but if you study hard,you can study it well. You can go to Chinese classes. When you have questions, you can ask friends. Of course you can listen to radios. And the dictionary is the best tool. You can read Chinese etories and talk with Chinese people to improve your skills. You can ask a Chinese teacher for help. I’m happy to help you.

I hope to see you soon in Beijing.

2.

你现在已经上九年级了,学习、生活和以前肯定有所不同。请就以下几个方面谈论九年级的学习与生活和以前有哪些不同。

范文:

I’m in Grade Nine now. And my life has changed a lot. My daily life is quite different. For example, I used to get up at half past six, but I have to get up at six to read English or Chinese aloud. I used to go to bed at 9p.m , but now I have to stay up until 11p.m. to study for my tests.I used to spend much time watching TV or chatting with my friends online. But my study takes all my time at present. Even on the weekends I’m not allowed to go out with my friends. I have to go home after school. I used to play basketball or football after school because I love them. But I have no time now. I need time to do my homework. Now I have little time to play and to do what I like. I really miss my old days.

假如你叫李明,最近你和你父亲就“周末学生该不该与朋友外出活动’’进行了讨论。现在请你以“Should teenagers go out with their friends on weekends?’’为

2.所写内容必须包括表格中你父母的想法和你的至少三个想法;

3. 词数70个左右。

Should teenagers go out with their friends on weekends?

Recently I’ve had a discussion with my parents about whether teenagers should go out with their friends on weekends. My parents think that teenagers should stay at home to go over their lessons. And they should have enough time to have a good sleep. In the meanwhile, they should help their parents do some housework.

In my opinion, we teenagers should go out with our friends for fun in order that we can relax more. And we can also share ideas with each other. What’s more, we can also take some exercise together to keep fit.

4.

以“If I were a teacher”为题,写一篇不少于100词的短文。

If I were a teacher

Teachers are just like our parents. They work hard. They spend much time on our studies.They always worry about our studies. They seem to want us to grasp all they teach. As a result of this, we students have little time to relax. If I were a teacher , I would tell the students how to learn well. If my students made some mistakes in any subjects , I would not worry much about it . “Failure is the mother of success,” you know. I would tell my students to review what they have learned and find out the solutions to the problems . And I won’t forget one important thing, that is, if I were a teacher, I would reduce the homework. I would give them some free time to relax themselves. If I were a teacher like this , I would be my students’ best friends.

这是一个五口之家。今天是周末,各人有各人的安排。请根据下面的提示,进行适当的判断,说出他们在干什么。字数在80---100词之间。

提示:Mr. Green----in the living room; Mrs. Green---in the kitchen; Susan Green---at a shop; Jenny Green---at a shop; Jimmy Green---in the study(书房)

This is a family of five people. Today is Saturday. See who is busy preparing lunch? It must be Mrs Green. Because she is always cooking in the kitchen at this time of the day. And Mr GREEN MIGHT BE IN THE LIVING ROOM AND READING BOOKS. Where are the two girls, Susan Green and Fenny Green? They could do some shopping at a shop. They are free during the weekends and they need some new dresses. Oh, poor Jimmy must be in the study and doing his homework. He has a lot of homework on weekends.

期中:

假如你的英文名字叫Jenny, 请你给曾经教过你的外籍教师Miss Rona发一封E-mail

内容提示:

◆爸爸在福州找到新工作, 你现在就读于福州第101中学;

◆校园绿树成荫,整洁美丽;

◆放学后常去学校游泳池游泳,周五下午去英语角(the English Corner)练习口语;

◆与老师和同学相处融洽;

◆你对校园生活的感受。

要求:(1)所给信息必须全部用上;

(2)内容充实,意思连贯,语言通顺,书写规范;

(3)可适当发挥,词数80词左右,不包含已给出的句子。

Dear Rona,

How's everything going? I'm now in Fuzhou because my father has just found a new job here. I'm studying in No. 101 Middle School. It's very clean and beautiful with many trees in it. There is a big swimming pool in my school, so I often go swimming after school. Every Friday afternoon, I like to go to the English Corner to practice my spoken English.

I get on very well with my teachers and classmates.They are friendly to me. I like my new school. I really enjoy my school life here.

Love, Jenny

音乐在人们的生活中占有很重要的位置,因为音乐能给人们带来力量和快乐。不同的人喜欢不同的音乐。请你根据下表提示,用英语介绍他们对音乐的爱

Music is an important of our life. It can give us energy and it can make us happy. Different people have different ideas about music. Mary loves music that she can dance to, because she enjoys dancing. Jane likes jazz music. She thinks jazz is really cool. Tom likes rock music and dance music very much. He thinks they are interesting. Linda likes listening to some relaxing music. She likes country music a lot.

7.

假设你是林涛,

今年暑假计划去北京旅行。你想邀请外籍朋友Tom一起去。请发一封电子邮件给Tom,告诉他你的计划,并向他提出邀请。要求:可适当发挥,不少于80词(开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数)。

Dear Tom,

I would like to tell you my plan for the coming summer holiday. I am going to Beijing. Would you like to come with me?

I'll take a train on the morning of August 7th from Jinan. If you would like, you can come to my home first. We can start from there together. We’ll stay in Beijing for a week, so don’t forget to bring some clothes, your mobile phone and enough money with you.

Beijing is famous for the Great Wall and Tian'anmen Square, which are my favorite sites there. Of course, I'd like to visit the Water Cube and the Bird's Nest. They both look wonderful. I think we will have lots of fun there.

Best wishes!

Yours, Lin Tao

你愿意帮助他人吗?如果你有机会成为志愿者,你愿意做什么工作呢?为什么?根据以上要求,写一篇短文,字数在70 左右。

I like to help people who need help. I enjoy singing very much. So, if I have a chance to be a volunteer, I'd like to be a teacher to teach children many songs that I like. I love children. Looking at their sweet smiles is so exciting. And I think it's also a great pleasure to make others happy. If I am a volunteer, I will be a great one.

9.

发明改变了世界,改变了人们的生活,比如电视机和自行车给我们带来了许多变化和便利。请你介绍电视机和自行的用途,在发挥想象,说说你想发明的东西以及它的用途或理由。

Good morning,everyone! Today I'm going to talk about inventions.

Inventions are created every day because people would like to make life easier.There are famous inventions like the TV and the bicycle.TV provides us with different kinds of information so that we can know more about the world.We watch entertainment programs to relax ourselves.Besides some learning programs help us with our study.

The bicycle is very useful,too. We go to school or work by bike.It's not expensive that most of us can afford it.It makes no pollution,which is good for our environment.What's more ,bicycle riding is a kind of exciting sports which is quite good for our health.

Although there have been many great inventions, I wish to invent a kind of pen which can help us write more quickly and neatly.When we meet problems in doing our homework or taking exams,it will tell us how to solve them.

That's all .Thank you very much.

10.

你最倒霉的是哪一天?在那一天你都经历了什么?请以My Most Unlucky Day为题目,写一篇不少于60词的作文。

My Most Unlucky Day

Today was my most unlucky day. I stayed up until 1:00 am because of an NBA match.My alarm clock didn't go off this morning. After I got up, I found it was 7:30 am. I hurried to the bus station, but the early bus had already left. I had all the way to my school. But just them, I found I was wearing the wrong shoes. They were different. But I had no time. When I got to school, I realized that I had left my backpack at home. Just then,the bell for class rang. I had to walk into the classroom without my backpack and without breakfast. Then the teacher came to me. He stood before me for a few seconds. At last he went away shaking his head.

篇四:人教版九年级上册英语作文

1.怎样学好英语

I think English is very important. I study it hard. So I’m good at it. Now let me tell you how to learn English well. First, open your mouth. Don’t be afraid of speaking English in front of other people. It is a language. We should speak it as much as possible. Second, we must listen to our teacher carefully in class. We make lots of notes. We should finish our homework on time. Third, practice makes perfect. It’s best way to learn English by using it. We should do more English exercises , read more English books and so on. Finally, I wish everybody can learn English well

2. 变化

We are very glad that Li Hua has made great progress. He used to often quarrel with other people, but now he gets on well with them, he always helps them. He used to throw litter about and make our classroom dirty. Now he takes care of our environment. He used to spend lots of time playing computer games. Now he takes an active part in all kinds of activities. How large he’s changed!

3. 与父母的烦恼

Hi, Emily.. I think it’s lucky for you to have such good parents. I think they’re right. It’s responsible for me to do such simple housework. The independence is very important for you. They hope you become an excellent man. We should understand and respect them. They have rich experience. Their demands are good for your growing up. If we have some worries , we should ask them for help. We should communicate with them.

4. 与朋友的烦恼(借钱)

I’m glad to hear from you. Don’t worry, let me help you. I think you should lend money to her. She is your good friend. Good friends should help each other. You don’t need worry too much. She’ll probably pay you back when she has money. If you don’t help her, you maybe lose a good friend. I think everyone may have trouble in life, so I always try my best to help my friends. I hope what I said can help you.

5.猜测主人

The toy car must be Jane’s little brother’s, because he is the only kid at the picnic. The new bag must be Carol’s because she just bought a new one. The French book might be Ii Lin’s. she’s the only one who’s studying French. The owner of the earrings can’t be a boy because boys don’t like wearing earrings at all.

期中 与朋友的烦恼(玩电脑)

Thank you for your email. I’m sorry to hear that. I think he’s not right. First, as a good friend, you should tell him it’s not right to be late for class. Second, you should tell him the importance of study. As student, we should concentrate more on our studies than computer games, because they’re not only bad for studies but also bad for our health. I’m sure he will understand you.

6.食品安全

Now food safety is a serious problem. It’s important to us. How can we make food safe? First we should eat at home, we don’t eat at restaurant often.. Second , we should make food clean before cooking. Remember to boil food.. Third , we should buy food carefully. If the food is in bags, we should read instructions and dates carefully. Make sure the food is safe.

7. 旅行计划

Our winter vacation is coming. I would like to go on vacation. I’m going to take a trip to Beijing .I will go there by train. Iwant to visit the Great Wall,, the Palace Museum, Tian’anmen Square and other places. I will take lots of photos. I will eat Beijing duck. I will buy some souvenirs. I think it must be interesting. Would you like go with me? Please tell me soon.

8. 志愿者

I’m Wang Ping. I want to be a volunteer of protecting animals. I’m very kind. I’m good with animals. I’m hardworking. I like singing and dancing . I have organized raising money for Save China’s Tigers. I think animals are our good friends. We should care about them. In fact , protecting animals are protecting ourselves. If I can be a volunteer , I will work harder and do more meaning things to protect animals. I must try my best to make our world more beautiful.

9 计算机的发明

Do you know the history of computers? The computer was invented in 1946. at that time, the machine was huge and heavy. It’s a very useful tool in our life. Computers can send some messages to friends. The computer can open our eyes. I think it’s the most helpful invention in the world. It’s hard to imagine what our life would be like if we had no computers in our daily life. And in my opinion, computers are going to change our life completely in the near future.

10 一个不幸的上午

I had an unlucky morning. Because yesterday night I stayed up, I overslept this morning. By the time I rushed to the bus stop, the bus had already left. By the time I got to the school, my teacher had already started his class. And I realized I left my Chinese book at home. After class, my teacher asked why I was late and told me not to be late next time.

期末 对作业看法

My teachers always give me lots of homework every day. I often do my homework after school. It takes me about two hours to finish it. I dislike it . It makes me very tired. However ,I have to do it. I know doing homework helps me to review what I study at school. But sometimes I don’t think our homework is helpful. It takes up most of my spare time, I can’t spend my time on my hobby. What should I do?

篇五:新人教版新目标九年级上各单元作文范文

九年级上各单元作文范文

Unit 1 怎么成为好的学习者 by+doing

How to be a good learner must go over the lessons and finish our homework on time. It’s good to study in any problems, we’d better ask others for help.

Unit 2 介绍节日 宾语从句

Dear Mike,

How are you? I’m really glad that you are interested in traditional Chinese

festivals. There are many traditional festivals in China, such as Spring Festival,

Mid-Autumn Day and so on. I’d like to introduce the Spring Festival to you. Spring

Festival is the most important traditional holiday in China. It usually lasts for 15 days.

Days before the festival, people clean their houses. They think cleaning

sweeps any bad luck. They decorate their houses with

paper cuts. On the eve of the festival, family members get together and have big

meals. Then they watch the Spring Festival Gala on TV. At midnight, they set off

fireworks to welcome the New Year. During the festival, kids get lucky money from

old people. People visit their relatives and friends. They wish each a happy year and

good luck. How happy we are!

Best wishes!

Yours,

Liu Wei

Unit 3 指路 关于指路的短语

Dear Rob,

① Now let me tall you how to get there.

②turn left onto Third Street. Go straight along Third Street. When you get to Walking

Street,turn right. ③

I will meet you at the gate of Hongqi Theater. Yours,

Liu Ming

Unit 4 变化(过去与现在的对比) used to do sth. / 一般过去式

Zhuanghua's life has changed a lot in the last few years. In the past, he used to have

muchtime to play after school. He spent a lot of time playing games with his friends.

When hefinished his homework, he often watched TV or chatted with his grandma. On Saturday, he often went to concerts with his father.

But now his school life has changed a lot. He is very busy every day. He has to get up early and stays in school all day. Because he has to study hard. He hasn’t any more time to play games with his friends. He has to do his homework and goes to bed late every night. He hardly has any time for concerts. He misses the old days very much.

Unit 5 介绍传统小吃 一般现在时的被动、

Dear Linda,

You asked me what famous snacks there were in my country. ①②. It is usually made o f haws, which are put together on a stick and covered with ice sugar. But there are more materials for tanghulu today in some places, such as strawberries, grapes,and even little apples.

③ tanghulu ever saved the life of an emperor’s wife in the Song ④

Are you looking forward to eating it? Come to my country, and I’ll treat you to

tanghulu.Yours,Han Mei

Unit 6 计算机 一般过去时的被动

Computer

The computer was invented in 1946. At that time , it was huge. With the development of science and technology, the computer has grown smaller. Now there are many kinds of computers, such as personal computers and laptops. The computer is a very useful tool in our life.

For example , it can send some messages to foreign friends by e-mail. What's more , it can share information with others through the World Wide Web. We can also listen to music or play the game on computers. It makes us relax.

It’s hard to imagine what our life would be like without computers.

Unit 7 规则/ 情态动词的被动 be allowed to do sth.

My parents are strict with me. There are many rules in my family. Let me tell you some of them. I am not allowed to spend too much time watching TV or surfing the Internet on school, and I must go to bed before 23:00, because I have to do homework and get up early the next morning. I have to clean my room every morning. My parents think it is a very good habit to do so. But I don’t agree with them, because my room is not always dirty.Even I don’t agree with some of the rules, I will obey them. I

think my parents won’t do anything that is bad for me.

Unit 8 表推测的情态动词 略

Unit 9 爱好/ 定语从句

My favorite kind of music is old music. I’ll Never Forget My Mom is my favorite song. I like it because it is beautiful. The lyrics are very great. It was written by Liu Zheng. Many famous singers like Cheng Lin, Liu Hegang, and Tan Jing once sang it. When I listened to it, I thought of my mom. The mother’s love is the greatest love in the world. I was moved by these lyrics. I think you should listen to it, because it can help us love our mothers more.

Unit 10 中国礼仪 /it is impolite to do sth. Sb. should do sth

Dear Tony,

You must be excited about coming to China soon. Let me give you some suggestions and advice about Chinese customs. When you are eating at the table, it’s impolite to stick your chopsticks into your food. You are not supposed to point at anyone with your chopsticks. In our house, you’re supposed to shake hands with my father for the first time. You are not supposed to kiss when you meet my mother. You can say “nihao” to her with a big smile.

When you go out with people, you are expected to call first, it’s important to make plans to do something interesting or go somewhere together.

Have a safe trip, and I look forward to meeting you soon!

Best wishes,

Lin Jie

篇六:2016-2017学年人教版初中英语九年级英语上册各单元作文范文

2016-2017学年人教版初中英语九年级英语

上册各单元作文范文

Unit 1 How can we become good learners?

本单元话题为“学会学习”,与之相关的话题作文主要为谈论英语学习方法,这是各地中考英语真题中最常考的话题作文之一。写作时可根据具体要求或提示,对相关的学习方法提出建议。

写作此类话题作文的常用表达有:

(1) What about listening to…?

(2) Try to guess …by…

(3) The more…,the more…

(4) …is the secret to language learning.

(5) I think…should…

(6) It’s a good idea to…

【典型例题】

为了交流学习经验,提高学习效率,某初中英语学习报正在举办以“how to be a good learner”为题的征文比赛,请踊跃投稿。

【优秀范文】

How to be a good learner

To be a good learner, we should have good habits and ways of learning.

We need to get ready for our lessons before class and always listen carefully in class. After class, we must go over the lessons and finish our homework on time. It’s good to study in groups and help each other. We should do more reading in our free time. If we have any problems, we’d better ask others for help. As a student, working hard is important, but don’t forget to do sports and keep healthy.

I think all above is helpful to us to be a good learner.

Unit2 I think that mooncakes are delicious!

本单元是围绕节日这一话题展开的,是大家较为熟悉的内容,要想写好这个话题的文章,首先要注意其体裁,通常是电子邮件式的说明文,介绍一两个中国的传统节日,内容涉及节日名称、时间、含义及主要活动,还应谈到你喜欢该节日及理由。

写作此类话题作文的常用表达有:

(1) I love…because…

(2) I think they are…to…

(3) You’ll have good luck in the New Year.

(4) Chinese people have been celebrating…for centuries.

【典型例题】

假如你是李磊,你的美国笔友Tom对中国传统文化很感兴趣。请你用英语给他写一封80 词左右的电子邮件。介绍一两个中国的传统节日、如春节、中秋节等。

【优秀范文】

Dear Tom

I am very glad to tell you something about spring festival.

It’s a traditional festival in china. It comes in winter.

It’s time to get new. We usually clean and decorate our houses carefully before it comes. I always help my mother clean the windows and wash the clothes. We put on Chunlian on the doors and chuanghua on the windows.

It’s time to say goodbye to the last year, and say hello to the New Year. Everyone goes home to get together with their families, no matter how far it is. They must have dinner together on that day. They must visit their relatives and friends and say “Happy New Year” to them. When the kids greet their grandparents, they can get money.

unit3 Could you please tell me where the restaurants are?

本单元介绍如何指路,也是写作要涉及的话题。

写作此类话题作文的常用表达有:

(1) Let me tall you how to get there.

(2) You can walk along...

(3) Turn left/right to...

(4) Go straight along...

【典型例题】

你有两张红旗剧院的戏剧票,想要邀请Rob和你一起去看。请你给他写封信,邀请他并告诉他具体该怎么到达红旗剧院。

【优秀作文】

Dear Rob,

Are you free next Sunday? There will be a concert in Hongqi Theater. I have two tickets and I hope you can go with me. Now let me tall you how to get there.

First , you can walk along Zhaowuda Road after you leave your home. Then turn left onto Third Street. Go straight along Third Street. When you get to Walking Street,turn right. Then go along the street until you see Hongqi Theater on your right. I will meet you at the gate of Hongqi Theater.

Yours,

Liu Ming

Unit4 I used to be afraid of the dark.

本单元话题为“我们怎样变化的”,主要围绕人或事物从过去到现在所发生的变化展开描述。写作时首先要理清写作的逻辑顺序,注意过去与现在的对比。在句式的使用上,既可用used to do/be…,but now…,也可以直接用一般过去时描述过去的情况,用一般现在时描写现在的情况,各种句式交替使用,以免文章显得呆板。

写作此类话题作文的常用表达有:

(1) …used to do/be

(2) How/what about you?

(3) …has/have changed a lot in the last few years.

【典型例题】

请你以Changes in people’s life 为题描述最近几年人们生活上的变化。词数80词左右。

提示:1. 人们的联系方式、娱乐方式的改变

2. 人们的出行方式及居住环境的改变

【优秀范文】

Changes in people’s life

Great changes have taken place in people’s life in the last few years.

In the past people kept in touch with relatives or friends mainly by sending letters. They would listen to the radio for news and other information. Children used to go to school by bike. Big families had to share small rooms.

Now people can talk to others by telephone or on the internet at home. When they are free, they watch the news and other programs on TV. Some families are rich enough

to send their children to school in their own cars. More and more people live in big and bright apartment with several rooms.

【优秀范文】

Dear Linda,

You asked me what famous snacks there were in my country. Well, in my country, one of the most famous snacks is tanghulu.

Each different part of China has different tanghulu. It is usually made of haws, which are put together on a stick and covered with ice sugar. But there are more materials for tanghulu today in some places, such as strawberries, grapes, and even little apples.

It is said that tanghulu ever saved the life of an emperor’s wife in the Song Dynasty. It was so delicious and healthy that many Chinese people like eating it. It is now seen as the bright symbols of happiness and reunion.

Are you looking forward to eating it? Come to my country, and I’ll treat you to tanghulu

Unit6 When was it invented?

本单元的话题是“发明”,涉及科普知识与技术等内容,是学生最感兴趣的话题之

一。写作体裁多为说明文,写好这类文章一定要抓住事物的特征、功能和用途。

写作此类话题作文的常用表达有:

(1) When was …invented?

(2) It was invented…

(3) They are used for…

【典型例题】

计算机在我们的生活、工作中的作用越来越大,你知道计算机的起源与发展吗?请结合计算机的发明时间(1946年)、外形、用途等方面,谈一下它的发展变化,并说明你对未来计算机的畅想。

【优秀范文】

Computer

Computers are becoming more and more important in our daily life. Do you know when the computer was invented?

The computer was invented in 1946. At that time, it was huge. With the development of science and technology, the computer has grown smaller. Now there are many

篇七:七年级下册英语第一单元作文范文

七年级下册第一单元范文

七年级下册第一单元作文范文

第一篇 申请加入某个团体

亲爱的先生,

我想要加入你们的北京学校郊游。我想要在运动,音乐和英语方面帮助孩子们。我叫谭晶。我15岁了。我是第一中学的一个学生。我会弹钢琴。我会唱许多歌曲。我擅长于运动。我可以游泳游得很好。并且我喜欢和孩子们待在一起。我认为我对孩子们有办法,我能和他们相处的好。

我希望我能成为你们中的一员。

谭婷Dear sir,

I want to join your Beijing School Trip. I want to help the kids with sports,music and English.My name is Tan Ting. I am 15 years old. I am a student in No.1 Middle School. I can play the piano.I can sing many songs.I am good at sports.I can swim well. And I like staying with kids. I think I can be good with the kids.

I hope I can be a member of you.

Tan Ting

第二篇 申请加入某个团体

亲爱的史密斯先生:

我想要加入我们学校的音乐俱乐部。我喜欢音乐。我擅长于唱歌,跳舞和弹吉他。我也喜欢和别人交朋友。并且我善于和别人相处。我会说英语和唱英语歌曲。我乐于在音乐方面帮助别人。我在周末有大量时间。我也擅长于运动。我喜欢我能成为你们中的一员。请给我打电话450-9876.

王伟

Dear Mr Smith,

I want to join our school music club. I like music.I am good at singing,dancing and playing the guitar.I also like making friends with people. And I am good with others. I can speak English and sing English songs.I am glad to help others with music. I have lots of time on weekends. I am also good at sports. I hope I can be a member of you.

Please call me at 450-9876.

Wang Wei

篇八:新人教版英语八年级下册1-10各单元作文汇总

2015年春人教版八年级英语下册

第1-5单元书面表达汇总

第一单元书面表达

★你的朋友Jack由于长时间玩电脑游戏,现在头痛、眼睛不舒服、腰背酸痛,并且睡不好觉。写一篇短文介绍一下他的情况,并给出你对他的建议。

要求:(1)内容包含所提供的信息,可适当发挥;(2)书写认真,句子通顺;(3)词数:60词左右。

★Jack is my friend. He likes playing computer games very much. He often sits in the same way for too long without moving. Now he has a headache, sore eyes and a sore back. He doesn’t sleep well at night, so he feels tired every day.

I think he should take breaks away from the computer. He shouldn’t use the computer for a long time. He should do eye exercises to relax his eyes and go to bed early at night.

I think if he has a good rest, he will feel well soon.

第二单元书面表达

★根据汉语提示及要求,以Lily’s Dream为题写一篇短文.

提示: 1.lily是一个中学生,她想成为一名职业演员.2.她同时也是一名志愿者,经常参加一些志愿者服务活动,业余时间她还上表演课. 3.现在她遇到了一些麻烦,无钱上表演课.她想出了许多办法,如: 打电话给家长、主动辅导孩子的美术、张贴启事寻找工作挣钱等。4.问题解决了,她可以继续上课了,她的梦想回实现的。

要求:1、条理清晰,语句通顺,语法正确,书写规范。 2、不少于80个单词。

lily’s Dream

★Lily is a high school student. She wants to be a professional actress. As a volunteer , she often volunteers her time to help other people . at the same time she takes acting lessons. Now she has run out of money for acting lessons. She needs to come up with ideas for making money. She called up parents to offer children art lessons. She even put up signs for asking for jobs. Now she’ll be able to continue her lessons, and she can become a professional actress one day.

第三单元书面表达

★目前中学生学习任务重,压力大,而丰富多彩的业余生活,有利于开拓视野,调节身心,提高学习效率。请以“My Spare Time”为题,

写一篇作文谈谈你的业余生活,如看书、看电视、玩电脑、做运动、做家务等。写作要求:⑴包含提示所给要点,语言流畅,意思连贯,不必逐字逐句翻译,可以适当发挥拓展;⑵词数80词左右,开头已给出,不计入总词数。

---- My Spare Time

★I am a middle school student.Though I ’m busy with my lessons,my spare time is still colorful. After school I usually play sports . Sports help me to keep healthy and study better.I often do some reading in the evening.I think books give us much knowledge.So reading books is the best way of spending my spare time. Sometimes I watch TV or surf the internet. On weekends, I often help my parents with the housework..I sweep the floor,wash the clothes and learn to cook.I enjoy myself in my spare time.

第四单元书面表达

★请你给杂志社写一封信,来表述你对家长们把孩子送到各种各样的课外辅导班这件事的看法。要求:1. 80 词左右。 2.可运用下列句式。

My opinion about sending kids to all kinds of after-school classes ★Dear

Sir or Madam,

I don’t agree with the idea of sending kids to after-school classes. Because all these activities can cause a lot of stress for children. It’s not good for a child’s development.

In my opinion, kids should have time to relax and think for themselves, too. I think it’s better that parents shouldn’t compare their children with other children. It’s crazy and not fair. Perhaps parents should let their kids be kids. Although it’s normal to want successful children, it’s even more important to have happy children

第五单元书面表达

★根据表格信息,描述昨天晚上停电时汤姆的一家人正在做的事情。要求80词左右。 ★When the light went out yesterday evening, Tom’s brother was playing computer games Tom’s father was washing the car. He had to stop washing the car and began to listen to the radio. Tom’s mother was making dinner while Tom’s sister Lily was playing the piano.

Tom was doing his homework when the light went out yesterday evening.

第六单元书面表达

★为了进一步增强中学生的安全意识,提高自我保护能力,某校开展了以安全为主题的英语演讲比赛。请你根据以下要点提示写一篇演讲稿。

注意:1)内容必须包括所给的要点,可适当发挥; 2)语句通顺,意思连贯,表达清楚,书写规范;3) 80词左右, 已给出,不计入总词数;4)参考词汇:be careful, on line, in danger, call...for, go bad

How to keep safe?

★As teenager

初三英语全一册第一单元作文

s, we should always keep ourselves safe.. But how can we keep safe? Here are some of my ideas. First, we should be careful when we make friends, especially on line. Second, if we are in danger, we must call the police for help in time so that we can keep ourselves safe. Also,we should eat healthily and safely. Eating bad food will not good to our health. Last, when we come to school or go home, we must obey the traffic rules.Summer is coming, and we must remember it's dangerous to swim in the river.

In one word, safety must be the first thing !Thank you!

第七单元书面表达

★我国是大熊猫生存的唯一之地, 然而他们正面临灭绝的危险。你认为我们该采取哪些措施来保护他们。写一篇70词左右的短文表达你的观点。

提示词: fur 皮毛 reserve 保护区 hunt 猎杀 What can we do to protect The Pandas?

★The Pandas live only in China. However they are endangered animals. One of reasons is people are cutting down many trees to build their houses. And the bamboo is becoming less and less.

another reason is people have hunted a lot of pandas for their fur. I think we should do something to protect The Pandas. for

example.we should we should set up Nature Reserve. We should not buy fur clothes

If we can do these ,I think The pandas will be more and more.

第八单元书面表达

★.请以主人的身份向外国朋友介绍一下北京和北京几个著名的景点。根据以下提示写一篇短文:

1.北京是一个历史悠久的城市;2.北京有许多名胜古迹;(.There are many places of interest in??);3.紫禁城是最受来宾欢迎的景点之一;4.故宫非常漂亮和著名;

5.长城也是非常美丽可去一看的地方;6.天安门广场是一个好去处,可去漫步。

注意:(1)词数80左右;(2)请不要逐字翻译,可适当添加细节,使行文连贯、意思完整、符合逻辑;(3)参考词汇:紫禁城 The Forbidden City,故宫 The Summer Palace,天安门广场 Tian’anmen Square

★Beijing is a city with a long history. There are many places of interest in it. Now let me tell you some of them. The Forbidden City is one of the most popular places for visitors. It is very big and you can learn much about the history of China from it. The Summer Palace is beautiful and famous, too. The Great Wall is also a wonderful place to go. And Tian’anmen Square is a good place for people to take a walk. Tf you visit Beijing, you will enjoy yourself.

第九单元书面表达

★写作要求:写一篇80字的文章描述你的家乡或者你去过的地方。

1. 词数80左右;2.文中不能出现作者本人的真实信息3. 你可运用的句型:Have you ever tried/seen/been?? If you?, you will/can?

You should?One great thing about ?is?

I have been to Hainan Island

★I have ever been to Hainan Island .I went there last summer.Have you ever been to Hainan Island? It is the second largest island in China. It’s a beautiful place. If you go there, you should walk along the beaches. The weather in Hainan is very hot, so people like doing many water sports, such as scuba diving (潜水), fishing, swimming, surfing and boating. One great thing about Hainan is that you can try many kinds of sweet fruit in Hainan. If you go to Hainan, I’m sure you will enjoy yourself

第10 单元书面表达.

★请根据下面提示,用英语写一篇短文。

提示:1.家乡风貌和人们生活的变化。2.作为一名即将升入九年级的学生,应该做到遵守规章制度,努力学习,与同学友好相处,参加体育活动。

要求:1.可自由发挥,词数70左右。2.短文开头已给出,不计入总词数。

提示词:change, new buildings, be proud of, should, obey, rules, be friendly to, do sports

★ these years, our hometown and schools have changed a lot. Our lives are getting better and better. There are more and more new buildings in our hometown. We are proud of our country. What should we do to make our country richer and stronger。 As students, I think we should obey the school rules and study hard. And we should be friendly to each other. We must do sports to keep healthy, such as playing basketball, playing football, running and so on.

篇九:chuzhong人教版九年级英语各单元作文范文

一、 你的英国笔友Frank想学汉语,请你给他写一封信,告诉他如何学习汉语。

要求:1. 语句通顺,书写工整

2.可用所提示的词语,也可以适当发挥

3. 词数:60-80

(提示词语:go to Chinese classes, make friends, listen to the radio, dictionary, useful, read Chinese stories, talk with, difficult, ask a Chinese teacher for help…)

Dear Frank,

How’s it going? I miss you.

I know you want to learn Chinese now. I have some good ideas. First, you can go to Chinese classes and make Chinese friends. Then, you must listen to the radio in the morning, and read Chinese stories. It's good for your listening and speaking. If you see some words you can't understand, you can by looking up dictionary. It's useful for you. Maybe, you can ask a Chinese teacher for help.

I hope you can speak Chinese well.

Friend, XXX

二、假如你叫张华,你的笔友李林在学习英语中遇到了困难,给他发一封e-mail, 向他提 供几条学习英语的建议。

要求:1. 词数80-100

2.条理清楚,词意连贯,字迹工整

Dear Li Lin,

I know it isn’t easy to learn English well, but I have some suggestions that help. You said you couldn’t understand people when they talked fast. Well why don’t you join an English club? You can get much listening practice there. Having conversations with friends is helpful, and also you can watch English-language TV. It’s the best way to improve your English. I believe you’ll be good at English if you work hard at it!

Yours,

Zhang Hua

三、写一篇文章介绍学习另一种语言方法。(Write an article about the things that have helped you the most in learning another language.)

I think the best way to learn English is to use it. Every morning I read English aloud after I get up. I practice my listening skills by watching English-language videos. Every Friday afternoon I go to the English club to practice conversations with friends. I think it helps me with my speaking skills. Oh, keeping a diary in English is also helpful.

In my free time, I usually listen to English songs. It also helps. Now I can sing many English songs. What do you think is the best way to learn English? Can you tell me?

一、假如Lily是你的朋友,你与她一起长大, 她的变化让你吃惊。请根据以下内容介绍Lily的变化。

In the past: straight hair, quiet and shy, not like English, like singing.

Now: tall, short and curly hair, outgoing, like English very much, like sports.

Two days ago, I met my friend Lily. To my surprise, she has changed a lot in the last few years. She used to have straight hair. But now she is tall and has short and curly hair. She used to be really quiet and shy. Now she is so outgoing. And in the past, she used to hate the English class. But now it's exactly opposite. She used to like singing, so that we often went to concerts. But now her favorite hobby is sports.

二、写一篇文章,说明你小学与初中学习方面的变化。

要求:1. 词数80左右

2. 条理清楚,语意连贯

My life changed much. When I was in primary school, I used to study four subjects, but now I have seven subjects. I used to like math, but now I find it so difficult for me. I used to like tests, but now hate them. When I was young, there was little homework every day. So I had much time to play. But now I’m a middle school student. I have to study hard for tests.

三、假如你是李华,这个学期刚转到一所新学校。请根据下面表格中的信息,介绍你的一

些变化。80词左右,开头已给出,不计入总词数。

I have changed a lot since I moved to this new school this term.

I used to have many friends and be outgoing, but now I have few friends, and I become a little quiet. In the old school, I used to spend much time playing with my friends, but now I have to spend most of my time on my schoolwork. I used to have no interest in my lessons, so I usually got bad grades. However, now I become more interested in my studies, and my grades are improving a lot.

一、 写一篇文章,写给编辑表达你的同意和不同意,写一写理由。 (Read the article. Write a letter to the editor agreeing or disagreeing. Explain your reasons.)

Dear Editor,

I would like to reply to the article “Helping and learning” in your last newsletter. I agree with some ideas and disagree with others. The article said that students should be allowed to do these things, such as going to an old people’s home. I agree, and we should have a special day to help others. By doing this, we can understand the society more. But I disagree that students should be allowed to have Friday afternoon off to volunteer and help others. I think we can do that on Saturday or Sunday. As for Friday afternoon, we should join different clubs. That would be more fun.

Yours sincerely,

**

二、最近你和父母针对“青少年该不该在周末与朋

友外出”进行了讨论。请根据下列表格中的信息提

示,以“Should teenagers go out with friends on

weekends?”为题,写一篇英语短文。开头已给出,

不计入总词数。 要求:1. 所写内容需包括表格中提供的父母的想法2. 至少给出你的三个想法。 Should teenagers go out with fiends on weekends?

Recently I’ve had a discussion with my parents about whether teenagers should go out with friends on weekends. My parents think that teenagers should stay at home on weekends. They should go over their lessons. And they could have enough time to have a good sleep. They also think teenagers should help parents do some housework on weekends.

In my opinion, we teenagers should be allowed be go out with friends for fun on weekends, so we can relax more. And we can also share ideas with each other. What’s more, we can also take some exercise together to keep it.

三、国有国法,家有家规。不同的学校,校规也可能不同。假如下面表格中的内容是你所在学校的校规,请根据表格中提供的内容,描述你们学校的校规。词数80左右。

Different schools have different rules. We also have many rules at school. Students are not

allowed to bring mobile phones to school because they can make a lot of noise. But we can bring drinks and dictionaries to school. We’re not allowed to run in the hallway because it is dangerous. But we can play basketball, run and do other exercises on the playground after class. Coming to school late and getting the ears pierced are not allowed in our school. Could you please tell me what your school rules are?

一、 Read the e-mail from Fran and write a reply.

Dear Fran,

I’ve got your e-mail. After I read your e-mail, I just want to give you some advice. First, I think you should help your friend Mei set up her confidence. If she has confidence in herself, she won’t be terrified of speaking in front of other people. Second, it’s a good chance to practice English. Don’t take it as a contest. Third, if your friend is really hard at everything, though she fails, nobody will blame on her. Your friends and other students will understand her. Finally, it’s important to take part in the activity, but not the results. I really hope your friend will win this contest. Wait for your good news.

Yours,

Knowledgeable

二、阅读下列邮件,然后根据要求写一封回信。

Dear Yang Fen,

Now I am new here. I can’t understand what the English teacher says, and I am afraid of talking with the classmates here. But the biggest problem for me is that I can’t sleep the night before a big exam. Could you help me?

Yours,

Wang Li

二、 请根据王林的困难,给出建议。80词

左右。开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

Dear Wang Lin,

I’m glad to hear from you. I have some

suggestions that may help you.

First, you said you couldn’t understand

what the English teacher said. Well, you

can try to listen for the most important

words, not every word. And after class you

should do more listening practice.

Second, you may feel shy to talk with your

new classmates. Well, you can try to talk to

someone who looks friendly.

Lastly, don’t be afraid of exams. If I were

you, I would drink some milk and have a

good sleep to face the next day’s exams.

I hope you will do better in English and get

along well with your new classmates.

Yours,

Yang Fen

三、 有些孩子抱怨父母不理解他们,父母与孩子之间存在着代沟。假设你是一位父亲或母亲,你会怎样处理与孩子之间的关系。 提示:1. 多交流,增进相互了解; 2. 不要总是抱怨孩子,应当多鼓励; 3. 给孩子适当的娱乐时间; 4. 为孩子树立一个好榜样 If I were a parent, I would not always complain that my child doesn’t understand me. I would communicate with him or her. I wouldn’t say I wasn’t like this at his or her age. They could have their hobbies, such as listening to pop music, watching action movies, choosing their own clothes and friends, etc. If I were a parent, I would encourage them to have fun. I would force them to study all day. I would encourage them however a little progress they had made. The most important thing is that I would be a good model for them and win their respect.

Unit 5

一、 Write another paragraph about Bell Tower using these notes.

Then we interviewed some other neighbors. Everyone had their own ideas. Chu family said, “Late night, we found footsteps in the hallway. We thought it might be the neighbors, so we didn’t mind it at all.” Lao Zheng said, “I thought someone trying to get in the window when I heard the noise. But I couldn’t find anyone. At last, I thought it might be the wind.” Xiao Ning said, “Each time when I get home, I can find garbage in front of my house, so I think it might be cats which often eat near my home.”

二、假如你是Mike,你的好朋友Lucy的宠物狗-Mary,走失好几天了,为此,她感到很焦虑。请给Lucy写封信,安慰她,并推测狗可能会在哪里,在做什么。

要求:1. 书信格式要正确。

2. 运用以下句式进行推测:She might … It is possible that…

Dear Lucy,

I’m sorry to hear that your pet dog, Mary, has been lost for several days. You needn’t worry about her. She might be trying to find out the way home now. Or she might meet a kind person and be sent to the police station. And also it is possible that she is playing somewhere with some other dogs.

I think she will come back home sooner or later.

Best wishes!

Yours,

Mike

三、最近,同学们发现教室的桌子经常被擦得干干净净。大家都在猜这是谁做的好事。参考下表中提供的信息写一篇80词左右的短文。

Different students have different opinions about this matter. Kate thinks it might be Eric who cleans up the reading room, because Eric is a warm-hearted boy who always likes to help others. However, Mark doesn’t agree with Kate. In his opinion, it could be John. John is a member of a volunteer club. He is interested in volunteering to do something for other people. John might do these things. Cathy has different ideas about it. She thinks it might be Julia. Julia always does homework in the reading room, so she has the chance to clean up the reading room alone.